该项目位于根特市中心郊区的一个住宅楼区的中间。这个19世纪周边地区的特点是住房、工艺品和小型工业活动的混合。通过一条小通道可以进入由联排别墅组成的街道，这里是原 “根特布鲁日啤酒厂”（Gentbrugsche Stoombierbrouwerij）的遗址，面积为2700平方米。这家城市啤酒厂成立于1890年，其名称来自于当时创新的蒸汽驱动机械技术。
The project is located in the middle of a residential building block, on the outskirts of the city center of Ghent. Characteristic of this 19th-century periphery was the mix of housing, crafts, and small industrial activities. Accessible through a small passageway at a street formed by townhouses lies the site of the former ‘Ghentbruges Steambrewery’ (Gentbrugsche Stoombierbrouwerij )on a surface of 2700 sm. The city brewery was founded in 1890 and takes its name from the then innovational technique of steam-driven machinery.
Although the brewery was very popular for its beers and sodas around the city of Ghent the factory’s success didn’t last long. Due to severe damage to the infrastructure in WOI and the high costs of small-scale brewing, later on, it was no longer viable and was closed down. In successive decades the site was occupied by stone masonry and after that, it became abandoned. From the former brewery site, there are three prominent brick buildings still remaining, adjacent to the central courtyard: the house of the factory director (left, gray), the actual brewery building with the kettles and malt rooms (middle, white), and the water tower, housing the steam machine (right)
Since 2010 the site has been revitalized. The directors’ house has gotten new inhabitants and four warehouses have been converted to single-family homes. In addition, new work functions have been housed on-site. Up till now a carpenter/ furniture designer, a steel worker, and an architecture officer have been settled there. Other buildings are used as storage spaces, garages, and workplaces of the residents on-site and from around the neighborhood.
In 2016 the last to be reconverted old buildings were put up for sale: the remarkable water tower and the adjacent brewery building. The water tower has a small footprint of 7 by 7 meters and has four (new) floors. The brewery building consists of a volume with three floors over two pitched roofs just behind one another. On the highest floor, under the pitched roofs, grain and hops were stored. On the middle floor, the brewing kettles and malt rooms were found. On the lowest floor, positioned one meter lower than the central courtyard, the barrels were stored.
The biggest challenge of the project consisted of the reconversion from a former industrial building to housing and commercial functions. Urban regulations allowed to the allocation of a single-family home to the brewery building. In order to allow the conversion, all buildings within the building block had to demolish 1/3rd of the footprint of the building itself in order to create a ground-bound garden. In the case of the brewery building, this meant demolishing 200 sqm of floor space in order to create a ground-bound garden. And even so, the garden would be sunk in from the ground level by one meter and completely cut off from sunlight due to the remaining high walls around it.
The water tower itself was only designated for commercial functions, but due to its form not practical in use. By making use of the vast load-bearing capacity of the industrial building and considering the water tower and the brewery as one building, the following proposal to the city’s urban planners was made: Only the back pitched roof of the building would be removed (1/2 of the footprint) and converted to a roof garden, as qualitative and sustainable as a classic ground-bound garden. This way, the underlying floors could remain as they were, and the living spaces positioned on the top floor (with a maximum of daylight). And now considering the tower and the brewery as a whole housing function could be allocated to the tower as well. As additional compensation, the garages in front of the buildings were removed and a new front garden was added, including a large well for rainwater.
That way creates a new composition of functions in the two buildings: the family house has its new entrance at the stately water tower, where the circulation and night functions are found. The living area adjoins the roof garden on the top floor. The middle floor of the brewery serves as an open-plan space for the architecture office. On the lowest floor, workplaces and storage are found.
Due to years of neglect and vacancy, the water tower was in a state of decline. The inside of the building was completely empty. The façade has been restored to its former state. Old and new masonry patchwork reminds us of the history of the building. Inside, the old settlement pit below has been reconverted into a garage. The tower itself has been filled in with new stories, connected with a new spiral staircase, typical of a tower-typology building. At level +0.5 the entrance hall and cloakroom and bedroom. At level +1.5 another bedroom with an adjacent guest bathroom, toilet, and storage room/technical room.
On the top floor the master bedroom, bathroom, dressing room, and toilet are located. In order to retain the historical character of the outside of the building, the tower has been insulated from the inside out. By accentuating the industrial character of at least one surface or element in each space, the past remains sensible. Complementary to the rough industrial textures, the interior is finished with the soft colors of the plasterwork and cement flooring. On the master bedroom floor, the inside finishings stop at the ceiling of the adjacent bathroom and dressing room with a clean cut. Above this clean décor, the old walls and masonry ceiling, and manhole of the former water basin stand out.
走过塔楼的小规模走廊后，就可以进入宽敞明亮的生活空间。该层由一个封闭的坡屋顶和一个开放的屋顶（屋顶花园）组成。在这两个体量之间，一个砖砌的 “盒子 “被放了进去，容纳了厨房/用餐区。作为剧院的装饰，盒子的墙壁将开放空间划分为不同的序列，并赋予生活空间以人的尺度。洞石地板和石灰水墙让装饰在更大的体积中拥有自己的身份。通过以相同的叠加债券模式建造厨房岛，并在壁龛中整合烹饪功能，在原型 “厨房 “和 “用餐区 “之间创造了一条细线。沉重的橡木梁和铸铁柱让我想起了这栋建筑的历史。塔楼和酿酒厂之间以前的服务舱口现在提供了玻璃淋浴间和生活区之间的视野，在浴室里创造了宽敞的空间。
After a walk through the small-scaled corridors of the tower, the bright and spacious living space is accessed. The level consists of one closed-pitched roof and one opened-up roof (the roof garden). In between those two volumes, a brick-built ‘box’ has been put in, housing the kitchen/eating area. Functioning as a décor from a theatre, the walls from the box divide the open space into different sequences and give the living space a human scale. The travertine floors and limewashed walls give the décor its own identity in the bigger volume. By building the kitchen island in the same stacked bond pattern and integrating the cooking functions in niches a thin line between the archetype ‘kitchen’ and ‘dining area’ is created. The heavy oak beam and cast iron column remind me of the history of the building. The former service hatch between the tower and the brewery now offers a view between the glass shower and the living area, creating spaciousness in the bathroom.
The roof garden is conceived as an outside ‘chamber’, located in the back pitched roof-volume. A part of the old roof remained and creates a covered terrace. The existing outside walls of the volume have been left untouched, giving a feeling of intimacy to the garden, located in the middle of the large building block. Through the original window openings, subtle view towards the surrounding houses and gardens. The glass path towards the terrace in the back of the roof garden provides the necessary daylight to the underlying architecture office. Thanks to the height of the roof garden at the top floor, the crown of the trees canopy over the garden terrace. The roof garden is a tree house.
Architects: AUX bureau voor architectuur en stedenbouw
Area : 260 m²
Year : 2018
Manufacturers : Novy, Hotbath
Lead Architects : Wouter Vanheste, Thomas De Roeck
Structural Engineering : BSTK
Lighting Design : AUX
Roof Contractor : T-WOOD
Kitchen Contractor : HUIS MORTIER
Contractor Wooden Windows : DEVOS
City : Ghent
Country : Belgium