Cakra Selaras Wahana 站 ,印度尼西亚, Studio Lawang

Kebayoran Baru是雅加达的文化遗产之一,是雅加达的第一个卫星城市。 它位于雅加达南部4.5公里处,由印尼第一位城市规划师Soesilo在1948年设计。但目前,Kebayoran Baru隶属于南雅加达市政府,已经成为首都的商业区之一。

Kebayoran Baru, one of Jakarta’s Cultural Heritage Areas, was the first satellite city of Jakarta. Located 4.5 KM South of Jakarta, it was designed in 1948 by the first Indonesian city planner, Soesilo. But currently, Kebayoran Baru is under the South Jakarta municipality and has become one of the business districts in the capital.

CSW,前身是Centrale Stichting Wederopbouw,是Kebayoran Baru的主要路口之一。当Soesilo为Kebayoran Baru进行规划时,CSW十字路口原本有一个环岛。随后,建筑师苏约迪在设计东盟秘书处大楼时对这个环岛做出了回应,该大楼现在是印度尼西亚现代建筑遗产建筑之一。这个地区的城市发展使得环岛不再存在,也使得东盟秘书处大楼不再有任何回应。

CSW, formerly Centrale Stichting Wederopbouw, is one of the main intersections in Kebayoran Baru. When Soesilo planned for Kebayoran Baru, CSW Intersection originally had a roundabout. The roundabout was then responded to by Architect Soejoedi in his design of the ASEAN Secretariat building, which is now one of Indonesia’s Modern Architecture Heritage Buildings. The urban development of this area had made the roundabout no longer exist and made the ASEAN Secretariat building has nothing to respond to anymore.

CSW已经成为BRT线路(Transjakarta)第十三号走廊(西-东天桥公交车道)和MRT线路(南北铁路)的交汇点。 这两个基础设施都是在同一时期完成的。然而,现有的CSW Transjakarta公交车候车亭,位于街面以上23米,只有楼梯通道,与位于北部不到100米的东盟地铁站没有直接联系。由于过去十年的大规模开发和失去了环岛,这个历史悠久的十字路口已经失去了它的身份。

CSW had become an interchange for BRT line (Transjakarta) corridor XIII (west-east flyover busway) and an MRT line (north-south railway). Both infrastructures were completed in around the same period. However, the existing CSW Transjakarta bus shelter, which is located 23 meters above the street level, only had stair access and no direct connection with the ASEAN MRT station located less than 100 meters north. Because of this massive development during the last decade and the loss of its roundabout, the historic intersection had lost its identity.

2019年,雅加达政府举行了一次竞赛,看看建筑师和城市设计师能提供什么设计来整合这两种公共交通方式。这个设计被选为获胜者,因为它既能满足人们在交汇处的流动性,又能恢复这个地方的历史意义。该设计旨在重现以前的环岛,将其抬高,并使其成为行人通道。 其圆形的形式也作为一个统一的象征。在三个不同的方向上,额外的体量被无缝地添加到圆环上,以创造程序并为周围的BRT和MRT线路提供连接。外立面的设计是对东盟秘书处的现代诠释,以表达对该遗产建筑的敬意。

In 2019 the Jakarta government held a competition to look at what the architects and urban designers could offer to design the integration of these two modes of public transportation. This design had been chosen as the winner because of its ability to both cater to people’s mobility in the interchange and revive the historic meaning of the place. The design aimed to recreate the former roundabout, elevate it, and make it pedestrian access. Its circular form also serves as a unifying symbol. Additional masses were seamlessly added to the circle in three different directions to create programs and provide connections for the surrounding BRT and MRT lines. The façade was designed as a modern interpretation of the ASEAN Secretariat to pay homage to the heritage building.

受东盟秘书处的概念和Kebayoran Baru的原始城市规划的启发,这个设计将 “CSW “重新介绍为 “Cakra Selaras Wahana”。”Cakra”–圆形的人行桥(代表历史上城市规划中 “丢失 “的环岛);”Selaras”–与周围环境和谐;”Wahana”–连接BRT和MRT用户的交通空间。 这座联运建筑是印尼第一个高架公共交通枢纽,希望它能成为印尼首都的一个新标志,并成为该国实现更多包容性建筑的里程碑。

Inspired by the concept of the ASEAN Secretariat and the original city plan of Kebayoran Baru, this design reintroduces ‘CSW’ as “Cakra Selaras Wahana.” “Cakra” – circular shape pedestrian bridge (representing the ‘lost’ roundabout in the historical city plan); “Selaras” – harmonious with the surrounding; and “Wahana” – transit space for connecting the BRT and MRT users. This intermodal building is Indonesia’s first elevated public transportation hub, and it is hoped to become a new icon for the capital city of Indonesia and a milestone toward more inclusive architecture in the country.

Architects: Studio Lawang
Area : 4400 m²
Year : 2021
Photographs :Mario Wibowo
Structural Engineers : PT. Rekatama Konstruksindo
Mechanical Electrical Plumbing Engineer : PT. Emse Mitra Membangun
Lighting Design : PT. Pavilion Sembilanlima
Quantity Surveyor : Tjha Hence
Urban Designer : Dicky S. Tanumihardja
Project Architect : Bennedictus Bagustantyo
Draftsman : Agus Hidayat
Team Leaders : PT. Rekatama Konstruksindo
City : Kecamatan Kebayoran Baru
Country : Indonesia