The house is located in the province of Cotopaxi in the area of Lasso. The land is part of the San José farm in the middle of a rural environment. The order was a family home designed for rest and visits. The proposal takes into account several conditions for its implementation and operation.
A passive architecture is proposed, thought from the traditional and the artisan work. We think of local materials or of nearby areas, in a zonal workforce that allows us to promote the learning and practice of constructive vernacular systems of Cotopaxi. The house is thought from the materiality. Monolithic earth elements (tapial) are responsible for holding the cover.
There are five load-bearing ramparts located longitudinally in the land, completely closing the house towards the strongest winds, forming a blind facade to improve the internal thermal of the house.
The walls are 40 centimeters wide with buttresses of 80 centimeters arranged according to the structural and utilitarian study of furniture recessed to the walls. The furniture is coupled taking advantage of the spaces between buttresses, thus embedding utilitarian pieces such as kitchen, beds, shelves, cabinets, etc.
The fireplace (fireplace) articulates the house, a space of warmth and family reunion. This central space is the meeting point of all the displacements and heart of the housing that connects the rest area with the social area. The home is the lowest space of the home, is depressed with the intention of emphasizing the idea of hosting.
From this point, the house generates open spaces interconnected with each other, the dividing walls are eliminated and a system of pivoting panels is used to subdivide zones according to the specific utility of the moment that the family needs.
The pivoting panels, function as masonry, door, security, and thermal barrier. They allow to open the house 100% towards the land and close in a hermetic way if required.
The roof develops in two waters from a wooden beam supported on the two central walls of the house. This space constitutes the loft and balcony towards the best view of the area. The wooden beams are supported by the supporting walls generating a framework every 70 centimeters.
The upper closures of the habitable cover are in glass, allowing to have a zenithal and indirect light in the house. The social area opens from end to end towards the land through access platforms; that in the front generates a lobby and in the back a covered terrace with a fire pit.
The rest area is subdivided into two spaces, the first a communal bed space with six beds embedded in the rampart wall and the second a double room. Both spaces can be one only if the pivoting panels remain open.
The house integrates solid and liquid waste separation systems and connects them to an internal irrigation and fertilizer network, without connecting to any sewerage network. The land is arid due to the presence of eucalyptus plantations, this has eroded the soil to the point of not having any other plant species in the place. To counteract this, a native tree planting is proposed through vegetable islands. The islands will be appearing progressively until they take all the land and eliminate the eucalyptus.
Project Name: Casa Lasso
Architects: RAMA study | Carla Chávez, Felipe Donoso and Carolina Rodas
Collaborators: Eduardo Pullas, Diego Vélez, Karla Velásquez, Diego Chaglla, Matías Carpio and Alejandro Araujo
Construction: RAMA study
Work Residence: Gustavo Recalde
Structural design: Patricio Cevallos
Electrical design: RAMA estudio
Technical advisor: Bolivar Romero
Illustration: Carlos Valarezo
Renders: Sergio Calderón
Client: Familia Caza Cabezas
Location: Lasso, Cotopaxi-Ecuador
Surface: 350 m2
Photography: JAG studio