Cuexcomate 社区中心,墨西哥,Federico Colella & Aleyda Resendiz & Brenda Hernandez & Riccardo Caffarella

2017年墨西哥大地震后,由于莫雷洛斯州Xoxocotla市体育中心的结构性损坏,PADF-墨西哥(泛美发展基金会),向市民提议在这个地区进行全面的修复项目,并建立一个具有文化和休闲设施的新社区中心。新的公共项目由两座建筑衔接而成,它们适合在体育中心剩余的三角形区域内。

After the 2017 Mexico big earthquake, due to structural damage in the sports center of Xoxocotla Municipality in Morelos, the PADF-Mexico (Pan-American Development Foundation), proposed to citizens a comprehensive rehabilitation project in this area, and a new community center with cultural and leisure facilities. The new public program is articulated in two buildings that fit in a remaining triangle-shaped area of the sport center.

第一座建筑更大更高,有一个多功能的双层开放空间,与现有的操场平行,沿着Niños英雄街创造了一个小型的绿色公共广场;第二座建筑更低更长,包含办公室和小型车间活动的教室,完全与街道对齐,产生了一个新的城市正面;一个共同的大型门廊将两座建筑连接起来,提高了社区的感觉。

The first structure larger and higher, with a multifunctional double-high open space, is placed parallel to an existing playground, creating a small green public square along the Niños Heroes Street; the second, lower and longer, that contains offices and classrooms for small workshop activities, is completely aligned with the street, generating a new urban front; a common large portico links the two buildings, improving a sense of community.

这种设计策略也允许沿南北轴线确定建筑群的方向,以获得更好的阳光照射。建筑物中门廊的存在也限制了对墙壁的直接辐射。屋顶坡度的变化和几何形状,改善了所有房间的交叉通风。竹制吊顶系统和窗户上的格子提高了热舒适度;交织的芦苇门不断让空气、光线和阴影效果在房间内传递。

This design strategy also permits to orient the complex along the north-south axis, getting better solar exposure. The presence of porticoes in the buildings also limits direct radiation on walls. The roof slope variation and geometry, improve cross ventilation in all rooms. A system of bamboo suspended ceiling and lattices in windows enhance thermal comfort; interwoven reed doors constantly allow air, light, and shadow effects to pass inside the rooms.

两座建筑都采用了混合结构,整合了钢制标准型材和 “Mattone系统 “的BTC土块,这是一项由都灵理工学院的研究员Gloria和Roberto Mattone开发的技术。BTC土块 “Mattone “通过双公/母连接,提高了砌体的质量,并使用当地材料和工人就地生产,使用意大利驻墨西哥大使馆捐赠的特殊可运输的压力机,并得到Xoxocotla社区的支持,他们也参与了培训研讨会。土块的特性使建筑内部有更好的环境条件,并允许对材料进行暴露式处理,以降低建筑成本。

A mixed structure has been used for both buildings integrating steel standard profiles, and BTC earth blocks of “Mattone system”, a technology developed by Gloria and Roberto Mattone, researchers from the Polytechnic of Turin. The BTC blocks “Mattone” improves a better quality of masonry, through a double male/female joint, and have been produced in situ with local material and workers, using a special transportable press machine donated by the Italian Embassy in Mexico with the support of Xoxocotla community, that has also been involved in training workshops. Earth block properties get better environmental conditions inside the building and allow an exposed treatment of materials reducing construction costs.

Architects: Aleyda Resendiz, Brenda Hernandez, Federico Colella , Riccardo Caffarella
Area: 6953 ft²
Year: 2021
Photographs: Jaime Navarro
Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Bambumor, Ternium, Trimble Navigation
Lead Architects: Federico Colella
Consultants: Diseño y Construcción SA
Landscape: Re lab arquitectos
Design Team:Federico Colella, Aleyda Reséndiz, Brenda Hernández, Riccardo Caffarella
Clients:PADF – México Panamerican Development Fundation
Engineering:Alfredo Avila de Taller AE
Collaborators:Benjamín Toledo, Alan Amigón, Axel Maqueda
City:Xoxocotla
Country:Mexico

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