One Airport Square,加纳, Mario Cucinella Architects

机场广场一号是一个多功能的建筑。由于场地的特殊形式和地形特征,它在底层承载了商业空间,在地块的西南面则是一个十层的办公区。鉴于希望在项目区和周围的城镇景观之间形成对比,员工和公众的会合空间得到了特别的关注。在这里,空间被配置成一个公共广场,在地块的东北侧开放,同时被商业楼层遮挡,布置成一个环形(商店、餐馆、自助餐饮店)。这个比例宽松的广场适合举办各种活动、博览会或其他活动,也可以作为永久安装的艺术作品的展览空间。这些举措,加上商业活动,将使该地区在白天和夜晚都充满生机。

One Airport Square is a multi-functional building. It hosts commercial spaces on the ground floor and a ten-floor office block on the southwest of the lot, due to the specific form and orographic features of the site. In view of the desire for a contrast between the project area and the surrounding townscape, the rendezvous space for employees and the public received special attention. Here, the space was configured as a public square, open on the northeast side of the lot while shielded by the commercial floor, arranged as a ring (shops, restaurants, self-service catering establishments). The generously proportioned square is suitable for various events, fairs or other activities, and may be used as an exhibition space for permanently installed works of art. Such initiatives, together with the commercial activities, will bring the area to life, by day and by night.

机场广场一号是一座九层的办公大楼,加上为商业活动设计的底层,总面积约为17000平方米。美学元素和建筑设计的灵感来自于当地的传统艺术和来自于该地区典型的棕榈树的树皮,与环境战略紧密相连,为气候问题提供可行的解决方案。该办公区的形式和布局是正在进行的设计工作的结果,其基础是业主的功能要求和多学科设计小组指定的形式、结构和能源要求。

One Airport Square is a nine-storey building for offices, plus a ground floor designed for commercial activities, for a total of about 17,000 square meters. Aesthetic elements and architectural design inspired by the traditional local art and by the from the bark of the palm trees typical of that area, closely linked to environmental strategies to provide a viable solution to climate problems. The form and layouts of the office block are the outcome of ongoing design work based on the functional requirements of the principal and the formal, structural and energy requirements specified by the multi-disciplinary design group.

由于其不规则的形式,部分反映了场地的地形特征,铺装的表面将街道和广场的上层连接起来,在这里我们可以找到办公室和商业区的主要入口。一对自动扶梯直接连接公共空间和地下停车场的两层。甚至地下楼层的配置也考虑到了场地的类型,并提出了结构抗震的技术解决方案。

Thanks to their irregular form, reflecting in part the orographic features of the site, the paved surfaces link the street with the upper level of the square, where we find the main entrance to the offices and commercial area. A pair of escalators directly join the public space and the two floors of the underground car park. Even the underground floors are configured considering the typography to the site and present technical solutions for structural earthquake resistant.

建筑围护结构是展示形式、结构和环境战略之间整合的关键因素。该建筑形式紧凑,其中包含一个大型大厅,其功能是提供照明和促进室内的自然通风。竖井深度的变化决定了三种办公室类型的配置:大、中、小。该建筑的一个决定性元素是凸出的露台所产生的运动,这些露台随着楼层的升高而逐渐后退。这些截面的变化使得根据未来租户的不同要求配置环境的灵活性增加。

The building envelope is the key element that demonstrates the integration between form, structure and environmental strategies. The building, which is compact in form, contains within it a large hall the function of which is to provide lighting and to facilitate natural ventilation of the interiors. Variation of depth of the shafts determines the configuration of three office types: maxi, midi and mini. A defining element of the building is the movement generated by the projecting terraces, which gradually recede as they rise, floor by floor. These section variations enable increased flexibility in configuring the environments in accordance with the varying requirements of prospective tenants.

另一个决定性的元素是钢筋混凝土结构,倾斜的桥墩赋予了建筑和悬臂更大的刚性,同时也是正面的一个装饰性图案。

A further defining element consists in the reinforced concrete structure, the inclined piers of which confer greater rigidity upon the building and the overhangs, while also featuring as a decorative motif for the front.

机场广场一号是加纳第一个被南非绿色建筑委员会(GBCSA)评为4星级(设计阶段)的建筑。该项目是在对场地、地形和最佳方位进行详细分析的基础上设计的,以成为西非新一代办公建筑的参考点和榜样。在这个纬度上,太阳的轨迹使其特别暴露在东西两侧的太阳辐射锋面下。这一点,再加上全年存在的中高温度,使得有必要采取策略来减少对建筑的冷却需求。

One Airport Square is the first building in Ghana to have been awarded 4-Stars (Design Stage) by the Green Building Council of South Africa (GBCSA). The project was designed based on a detailed analysis of the site, the topographical and optimal orientation to become a point of reference and example for the new generation of office buildings in West Africa. At this latitude, the sun’s path makes it particularly exposed to solar radiation fronts east and west. This, combined with medium to high temperatures present during the entire course of the year, made it necessary to adopt strategies to reduce the need to cool the building.

该工厂是基于在浮动地板上输送的新鲜空气的分布原则,这些空气以均匀的方式到达整个平面。为了减少饮用水的消耗,有一些技术可以限制流出量、持续时间和输送时间,同时预计灰水和雨水可以重新用于厕所。

The plant is based on a principle of distribution of the fresh air conveyed in the floating floor which reaches in a uniform manner throughout the plane. To reduce consumption of drinking water there are technologies that limit the amount of outflow, the duration and the time of delivery, while it is expected the reuse of gray water and rainwater for the toilet.

机场广场一号的所有这些元素的总和是由综合设计工作决定的,它平衡了建筑和工程方面的考虑,以减少建筑的能源消耗和优化自然光的使用。最先进的技术与当地传统相平衡,采用最有效的设计。所有这些都带来了一种新的美的理念:生态之美。

The sum of all these elements in One Airport Square was determined by a work of integrated design that balances architectural and engineering considerations in order to reduce energy consumption of the building and optimize the use of natural light. The most advanced technologies are balanced with the local tradition, using the most efficient design. All of this is brings to a new idea of beauty: the ecological beauty.

Architects: Mario Cucinella Architects
Area: 17000 m²
Year: 2015
Photographs: Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Structural Engineering:Politecnica Ingegneria e Architettura
Mechanical & Electrical Engineering:Chapman – BDSP
Associate Local Structural & Constructional Engineers:Twum Boafo & Partners, Accra
Associate Local Mep Engineers:Impact Technologies Limited, Accra
Architect Associate:Deweger Gruter Brown & Partners
Quantity Surveyors:AECOM, London
Associate Quantity Surveyors:A-Kon Consults Limited, Accra
Construction Company:MICHELETTI LTD
Renderings:Cristian Chierici – CC79; Engram Studio
Client:Actis London
Architect In Charge And Site Architect:Mario Cucinella, Luca Bertacchi
Model Maker:Hyun Seok Kim, Giuseppe Perrone, Nada Balestri, Luca Sandri, Giulia Pentella, Alberto Bruno, Yuri Costantini
City:Accra
Country:Ghana

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